Kidney Cancer


Around 7,800 people are diagnosed with kidney cancer each year in the UK. This cancer generally affects those over 40 although nephroblastoma (Wilm’stumour) can affect very young children. Kidney cancer seems to affect more men than women in the UK and the risk of developing this cancer increases with age.

There are two main types of kidney cancer:

  • Renal cell cancers (RCC) or renal adenocarcinomas – there are subgroups within this type of kidney cancer which are identified when studied by microscope
  • Transitional cell cancers (TCC) – these types of kidney cancers are less common

Things to look out for

Kidney cancer often does not present symptoms and is increasingly diagnosed through scans for unrelated medical reasons. However kidney cancer can become symptomatic; some of these symptoms include:

  • Continuously high temperature, weight loss, increased sweating during the night and fatigue (tiredness)
  • A subdued pain in your side
  • Spasms in the bladder or uterus which tend to be painful and are a result of blood clots
  • Passing blood in urine – this may be a sporadic symptom which may happen often or from time to time. This may not be visible to the eye and may only be detected by a urine test. However if you do ever notice blood in your urine, even if it is sporadic, you should see your consultant/doctor straight away
  • A lump around the kidney area